What is Dysphagia?
This is the point at which an individual finds it hard to bite and swallow food sources as well as fluids. There are 2 kinds of dysphagia and these thus can cause significant weight reduction and lack of healthy sustenance.
1) Esophageal dysphagia – food or fluid halting in the throat, normally brought about by heartburn which after some time causes irritation of the throat, bringing about the restricting of this cylinder [this limiting is known as a stricture].
Less successive causes are malignant growth, certain muscle problems and a rest hernia. An individual can really feel the food or fluid halting in the center/lower part of their chest, different side effects are – chest uneasiness and chest torment. Clinical treatment would be the enlargement of this cylinder [esophagus]
2) Oropharyngeal dysphagia – trouble in beginning the gulping system [including moving the bit food to the rear of the mouth]. this condition is typically brought about by cerebrum or nerve problems like: cerebral paralysis, a stroke, various sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s illnesses, disease including the neck/throat, dental issues, a catastrophe for the neck locale and a disaster for the mind.
There are numerous side effects for this condition, these incorporate – failure to suck from a straw, hacking during and after a feast, slobbering and a murmuring sound when the individual attempts to talk. Clinical treatment would be finished by a consolidated power of – doctors, enlisted dietitian, clinician, discourse pathologist and word related specialist, when the condition is accurately analyzed.
This is the main piece of any treatment for dysphagia – guaranteeing the patient gets the perfect proportion of nourishment and fluids while ensuring that nothing gets into the lungs [causing pneumonia].
1) Liquids – exceptionally fundamental in each one eating routine as it keeps a people body capabilities. A sound individual requirements to polish off something like 6 to 8 glasses of water a day, patients with this clinical issue can find it hard to swallow this slim fluid, consequently the guardian needs to thicken this liquid [milkshake, soups etc] to help with the gulping and guarantee a decent admission of liquids everyday.
2) Calories – patients track down it troublesome and tiring to the point of gulping food, without the additional issue of stressing over eating an adequate number of calories too. To tackle this issue a parental figure can strengthen any food varieties the patient figures out how to eat.
* Make up some strengthened milk by adding 1 cup of powdered milk to a quart of milk, add this to all food varieties that work out positively for milk [milkshakes, puddings, soups and sauces] as it is currently extremely high in protein.
* add margarine, honey, sugar, pureed child food and jam to food varieties fit to these options, this will add calories and help with the day to day calorie admission
* child organic product juices [strained] added to cooked cereals and milkshakes will help with adding sustenance into the patients diet
* all pureed child meats and vegetables [stained] are great as augmentations into soups, flavors and sauces, this will expand the nutritious worth of the chose food sources
Rules for safe gulping
However not material to all victims, these couple of tips will assist with facilitating the gulping system:
* eat gradually – guarantee you bite your food appropriately and attempt to just eat each food in turn – don’t blend various food sources on your fork
* limited quantities – take limited quantities [about a teaspoon full] of food at a time
* sit in an upstanding situation consistently – don’t sit on the love seat to eat, rather sit in a straight back seat near the lounge area table
* try not to talk as you should focus
* eat in a casual setting at every possible opportunity
* keep away from interruptions while eating – like sitting in front of the TV
* try not to blend fluid in with strong food in your mouth [unless taught to do as such by your clinical team] and eat on the more grounded side of your mouth on the off chance that you have experienced a stroke